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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2020

or

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF
THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
For the transition period from ____________________ to ____________________

Commission File Number: 001-5532-99

PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Oregon
93-0256820
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
     (I.R.S. Employer          
     Identification No.)          
121 SW Salmon Street
Portland, Oregon 97204
(503) 464-8000
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code,
and registrant’s telephone number, including area code) 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
(Title of class)
(Trading Symbol)
(Name of exchange on which registered)
Common Stock, no par value
POR
New York Stock Exchange
9.31% Medium-Term Notes due 2021
POR 21
New York Stock Exchange

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. [x] Yes [ ] No
  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
[x] Yes x [ ] No
  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
 
 
Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standard provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. [ ]

 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes [x] No
 
Number of shares of common stock outstanding as of April 20, 2020 is 89,488,773 shares.
 




PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2020

TABLE OF CONTENTS



2



DEFINITIONS

The following abbreviations and acronyms are used throughout this document:

Abbreviation or Acronym
 
Definition
AFDC
 
Allowance for funds used during construction
AUT
 
Annual Power Cost Update Tariff
Boardman
 
Boardman coal-fired generating plant
Carty
 
Carty natural gas-fired generating plant
Colstrip
 
Colstrip Units 3 and 4 coal-fired generating plant
CWIP
 
Construction work-in-progress
EPA
 
United States Environmental Protection Agency
FERC
 
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
FMBs
 
First Mortgage Bonds
GAAP
 
Accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America
GRC
 
General Rate Case
IRP
 
Integrated Resource Plan
Moody’s
 
Moody’s Investors Service
MW
 
Megawatts
MWa
 
Average megawatts
MWh
 
Megawatt hour
NASDAQ
 
National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations
NVPC
 
Net Variable Power Costs
NYSE
 
New York Stock Exchange
OPUC
 
Public Utility Commission of Oregon
PCAM
 
Power Cost Adjustment Mechanism
RPS
 
Renewable Portfolio Standard
S&P
 
S&P Global Ratings
SEC
 
United States Securities and Exchange Commission
Trojan
 
Trojan nuclear power plant
 
 
 


3



PART I FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1.
Financial Statements.
 
PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Revenues:
 
 
 
Revenues, net
$
564

 
$
570

Alternative revenue programs, net of amortization
9

 
3

Total revenues
573

 
573

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
Purchased power and fuel
153

 
179

Generation, transmission and distribution
73

 
77

Administrative and other
71

 
71

Depreciation and amortization
108

 
101

Taxes other than income taxes
35

 
34

Total operating expenses
440

 
462

Income from operations
133

 
111

Interest expense, net
33

 
32

Other (loss) income:
 
 
 
Allowance for equity funds used during construction
3

 
3

Miscellaneous (loss) income, net
(4
)
 
2

Other (loss) income, net
(1
)
 
5

Income before income tax expense
99

 
84

Income tax expense
18

 
11

Net income
81

 
73

Other comprehensive income
1

 
1

Comprehensive income
$
82

 
$
74

 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding (in thousands):



Basic
89,429


89,309

Diluted
89,579


89,309







Earnings per shareBasic and diluted
$
0.91


$
0.82

 
 
 
 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollars in millions)
(Unaudited)




 
March 31,
2020
 
December 31,
2019
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
30

 
$
30

Accounts receivable, net
233

 
253

Inventories
97

 
96

Regulatory assets—current
21

 
17

Other current assets
124

 
104

Total current assets
505

 
500

Electric utility plant, net
7,217

 
7,161

Regulatory assets—noncurrent
513

 
483

Nuclear decommissioning trust
45

 
46

Non-qualified benefit plan trust
34

 
38

Other noncurrent assets
156

 
166

Total assets
$
8,470

 
$
8,394

 
 
 
 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.





5


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS, continued
(Dollars in millions)
(Unaudited)



 
March 31,
2020
 
December 31,
2019
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
128

 
$
165

Liabilities from price risk management activities—current
32

 
23

Short-term debt
20

 

Current portion of long-term debt
140

 

Current portion of finance lease obligation
16

 
16

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
296

 
315

Total current liabilities
632

 
519

Long-term debt, net of current portion
2,478

 
2,597

Regulatory liabilities—noncurrent
1,390

 
1,377

Deferred income taxes
385

 
378

Unfunded status of pension and postretirement plans
248

 
247

Liabilities from price risk management activities—noncurrent
129

 
108

Asset retirement obligations
263

 
263

Non-qualified benefit plan liabilities
102

 
103

Finance lease obligations, net of current portion
133

 
135

Other noncurrent liabilities
72

 
76

Total liabilities
5,832

 
5,803

Commitments and contingencies (see notes)

 

Shareholders’ Equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, no par value, 30,000,000 shares authorized; none issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019

 

Common stock, no par value, 160,000,000 shares authorized; 89,464,521 and 89,387,124 shares issued and outstanding as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively
1,220

 
1,220

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(9
)
 
(10
)
Retained earnings
1,427

 
1,381

Total shareholders’ equity
2,638

 
2,591

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
8,470

 
$
8,394

 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.



6


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
                                        

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
81

 
$
73

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
108

 
101

Deferred income taxes
7

 
9

Pension and other postretirement benefits
6

 
6

Allowance for equity funds used during construction
(3
)
 
(3
)
Decoupling mechanism deferrals, net of amortization
(9
)
 
(4
)
(Amortization) of net benefits due to Tax Reform
(6
)
 
(5
)
Other non-cash income and expenses, net
19

 
10

Changes in working capital:
 
 
 
Decrease/(increase) in accounts receivable, net
19

 
(1
)
(Increase)/decrease in inventories
(1
)
 
3

(Increase)/decrease in margin deposits
(19
)
 
1

(Decrease) in accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(22
)
 
(13
)
Other working capital items, net
(9
)
 
(12
)
Other, net
(16
)
 
(9
)
Net cash provided by operating activities
155

 
156

 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(162
)
 
(150
)
Sales of Nuclear decommissioning trust securities
3

 
4

Purchases of Nuclear decommissioning trust securities
(2
)
 
(2
)
Other, net
4

 
(3
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(157
)
 
(151
)

7


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS, continued
(In millions)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt
119

 

Payments on long-term debt
(98
)
 

Borrowings on short-term debt
20

 

Repayments of short-term debt
(20
)
 

Issuance of commercial paper, net
20

 

Dividends paid
(34
)
 
(32
)
Other
(5
)
 
(3
)
Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities
2

 
(35
)
(Decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

 
(30
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
30

 
119

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
30

 
$
89

 
 
 
 
Supplemental cash flow information is as follows:
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest, net of amounts capitalized
$
12

 
$
13

 
See accompanying notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

8


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 1: BASIS OF PRESENTATION

Nature of Business

Portland General Electric Company (PGE or the Company) is a vertically-integrated electric utility engaged in the generation, purchase, transmission, distribution, and retail sale of electricity in the State of Oregon. The Company also participates in the wholesale market by purchasing and selling electricity and natural gas in an effort to obtain reasonably-priced power for its retail customers. PGE operates as a single segment, with revenues and costs related to its business activities maintained and analyzed on a total electric operations basis. The Company’s corporate headquarters is located in Portland, Oregon and its 4,000 square mile, state-approved service area encompasses 51 incorporated cities entirely within the State of Oregon. As of March 31, 2020, PGE served 899,000 retail customers within a service area of 1.9 million residents.

Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

These condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Certain information and note disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such regulations, although PGE believes that the disclosures provided are adequate to make the interim information presented not misleading.

The financial information included herein as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 is unaudited; however, in the opinion of management, such information reflects all adjustments necessary to fairly present the condensed consolidated financial position, condensed consolidated income and comprehensive income, and condensed consolidated cash flows of the Company for these interim periods. All such adjustments are of normal recurring nature, unless otherwise noted. The financial information as of December 31, 2019 is derived from the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto for the year ended December 31, 2019, included in Item 8 of PGE’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on February 14, 2020, which should be read in conjunction with the interim unaudited Financial Statements.

Comprehensive Income

No material change occurred in Other comprehensive income in the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019.

Use of Estimates

The preparation of condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and disclosures of gain or loss contingencies, as of the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results experienced by the Company could differ materially from those estimates.

Certain costs are estimated for the full year and allocated to interim periods based on estimates of operating time expired, benefit received, or activity associated with the interim period; accordingly, such costs may not be reflective of amounts to be recognized for a full year. Due to seasonal fluctuations in electricity sales, as well as the price of wholesale energy and natural gas, interim financial results do not necessarily represent those to be expected for the year.


9


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, continued
(Unaudited)

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

In August 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standard Update (ASU) 2018-14 Compensation—Retirement Benefits—Defined Benefit Plans—General (Subtopic 715-20): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Defined Benefit Plans. ASU 2018-14 amends Topic 715 to add, remove, and clarify disclosure requirements related to defined benefit pension and other postretirement plans. This update will be effective for fiscal years ending after December 15, 2020. As the standard relates only to disclosures, PGE does not expect the adoption to have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04 Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. ASU 2020-04 provides optional guidance for a limited period of time to ease the potential burden in accounting for (or recognizing the effects of) reference rate reform on financial reporting. Companies can apply the ASU immediately, however the guidance will only be available until December 31, 2022. The Company is currently evaluating the impact that adopting this new accounting standard will have on its condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements

On January 1, 2020, PGE adopted ASU 2018-13 Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. ASU 2018-13 amends Topic 820 to add, remove, and clarify requirements related to fair value measurement disclosures. As the standard relates only to disclosures, the implementation did not result in an impact to the results of operation, financial position or cash flows.

On January 1, 2020, PGE adopted ASU 2018-15 Intangibles—Goodwill and Other—Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer’s Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That Is a Service Contract. ASU 2018-15 provides guidance on implementation costs incurred in a cloud computing arrangement that is a service contract and aligns the accounting for such costs with the guidance on capitalizing costs associated with developing or obtaining internal-use software. PGE applied the amendments of this ASU prospectively, and the implementation did not have a material impact on PGE’s results of operation, financial position or cash flows.

On January 1, 2020, PGE adopted ASU 2016-13 Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. ASU 2016-13 replaces the incurred loss impairment methodology in previous GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses, and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates. PGE applied the amendments of this ASU using a modified-retrospective approach, and as a result, amounts recorded prior to January 1, 2020 have not been retrospectively restated.

Under the new standard, PGE estimates current expected credit losses for retail sales based on an assessment of the current and forecasted probability of collection, aging of accounts receivable, bad debt write-offs experience, actual customer billings, economic conditions, and other significant events that may impact the collectability of accounts receivable and unbilled revenues. Provisions for current expected credit losses related to retail sales, and changes to the amount of expected credit losses for existing receivables, are charged to Administrative and other expense and are recorded in the same period as the related revenues, with an offsetting credit to the allowance for credit losses. The implementation did not have a material impact on PGE’s results of operation, financial position or cash flows.


10


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, continued
(Unaudited)

NOTE 2: REVENUE RECOGNITION

Disaggregated Revenue

The following table presents PGE’s revenue, disaggregated by customer type (in millions):

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Retail:
 
 
 
Residential
$
279

 
$
290

Commercial
159

 
154

Industrial
51

 
44

Direct access customers
11

 
11

Subtotal
500

 
499

Alternative revenue programs, net of amortization
9

 
3

Other accrued revenues, net
5

 
7

Total retail revenues
514

 
509

Wholesale revenues*
47

 
37

Other operating revenues
12

 
27

Total revenues
$
573

 
$
573

* Wholesale revenues include $16 million and $11 million related to electricity commodity contract derivative settlements for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Price risk management derivative activities are included within total revenues but do not represent revenues from contracts with customers as defined by GAAP. For further information, see Note 5, Risk Management.

Retail Revenues

The Company’s primary revenue source is the sale of electricity to customers at regulated tariff-based prices. Retail customers are classified as residential, commercial, or industrial. Residential customers include single-family housing, multiple-family housing (such as apartments, duplexes, and town homes), manufactured homes, and small farms. Residential demand is sensitive to the effects of weather, with demand highest during the winter heating and summer cooling seasons. Commercial customers consist of non-residential customers who accept energy deliveries at voltages equivalent to those delivered to residential customers. Commercial customers include most businesses, small industrial companies, and public street and highway lighting accounts. Industrial customers consist of non-residential customers who accept delivery at higher voltages than commercial customers. Demand from industrial customers is primarily driven by economic conditions, with weather having little impact on energy use by this customer class.
In accordance with state regulations, PGE’s retail customer prices are based on the Company’s cost of service and determined through general rate case proceedings and various tariff filings with the Public Utility Commission of Oregon (OPUC). Additionally, the Company offers pricing options that include a daily market price option, various time-of-use options, and several renewable energy options.
Retail revenue is billed based on monthly meter readings taken at various cycle dates throughout the month. At the end of each month, PGE estimates the revenue earned from energy deliveries that has not yet been billed to customers. This amount, which is classified as Unbilled revenues in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance

11


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, continued
(Unaudited)

sheets, is calculated based on actual net retail system load each month, the number of days from the last meter read date through the last day of the month, and current customer prices.
PGE’s obligation to sell electricity to retail customers generally represents a single performance obligation representing a series of distinct services that are substantially the same and have the same pattern of transfer to the customer that is satisfied over time as customers simultaneously receive and consume the benefits provided. PGE applies the invoice method to measure its progress towards satisfactorily completing its performance obligations.
Pursuant to regulation by the OPUC, PGE is mandated to maintain several tariff schedules to collect funds for programs that benefit the general public from customers, such as conservation, low-income housing, energy efficiency, renewable energy programs, and privilege taxes. For such programs, PGE generally collects the funds and remits the amounts to third party agencies that administer the programs. In these arrangements, PGE is considered to be an agent, as PGE’s performance obligation is to facilitate a transaction between customers and the administrators of these programs. Therefore, such amounts are presented on a net basis and are not reflected in Revenues, net within the condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.
Wholesale Revenues
PGE participates in the wholesale electricity marketplace in order to balance its supply of power to meet the needs of its retail customers. Interconnected transmission systems in the western United States serve utilities with diverse load requirements and allow the Company to purchase and sell electricity within the region depending upon the relative price and availability of power; hydro, solar and wind condition; and daily and seasonal retail demand.
PGE’s Wholesale revenues are primarily short-term electricity sales to utilities and power marketers that consist of single performance obligations that are satisfied as energy is transferred to the counterparty. The Company may choose to net certain purchase and sale transactions in which it would simultaneously receive and deliver physical power with the same counterparty; in such cases, only the net amount of those purchases or sales required to meet retail and wholesale obligations will be physically settled and recorded in Wholesale revenues.
Other Operating Revenues
Other operating revenues consist primarily of gains and losses on the sale of natural gas volumes purchased that exceeded what was needed to fuel the Company’s generating facilities, as well as revenues from transmission services, excess transmission capacity resales, excess fuel sales, utility pole attachment revenues, and other services provided to customers.

Arrangements with Multiple Performance Obligations

Certain contracts with customers, primarily wholesale, may include multiple performance obligations. For such arrangements, PGE allocates revenue to each performance obligation based on its relative standalone selling price. PGE generally determines standalone selling prices based on the prices charged to customers.


12


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, continued
(Unaudited)

NOTE 3: BALANCE SHEET COMPONENTS

Inventories

PGE’s inventories, which are recorded at average cost, consist primarily of materials and supplies for use in operations, maintenance, and capital activities, as well as fuel, which includes natural gas, coal, and oil for use in the Company’s generating plants. Periodically, the Company assesses inventory for purposes of determining that inventories are recorded at the lower of average cost or net realizable value.

Accounts Receivable, Net

Accounts receivable, net includes $78 million and $86 million of unbilled revenues as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. Accounts receivable is net of an allowance for credit losses of $6 million as of March 31, 2020. The following summarizes activity in the allowance for credit losses (in millions):  
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2020
Balance as of beginning of period
$
5

Increase in provision
2

Amounts written off
(3
)
Recoveries
2

Balance as of end of period
$
6

 
 


To conform with 2020 presentation, PGE reclassified $86 million of Unbilled revenues to Accounts receivable, net on the condensed consolidated balance sheets for the period ended December 31, 2019.

Other Current Assets

Other current assets consist of the following (in millions):
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Prepaid expenses
$
64

 
$
63

Assets from price risk management activities
25

 
25

Margin deposits
35

 
16

Other current assets
$
124

 
$
104



Electric Utility Plant, Net

Electric utility plant, net consists of the following (in millions):
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Electric utility plant
$
11,033

 
$
10,928

Construction work-in-progress
356

 
328

Total cost
11,389

 
11,256

Less: accumulated depreciation and amortization
(4,172
)
 
(4,095
)
Electric utility plant, net
$
7,217

 
$
7,161



13


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, continued
(Unaudited)

Accumulated depreciation and amortization in the table above includes accumulated amortization related to intangible assets of $381 million and $366 million as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively. Amortization expense related to intangible assets was $15 million and $16 million for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The Company’s intangible assets primarily consist of computer software development and hydro licensing costs.

Regulatory Assets and Liabilities

Regulatory assets and liabilities consist of the following (in millions):
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
 
Current
 
Noncurrent
 
Current
 
Noncurrent
Regulatory assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Price risk management
$
7

 
$
124

 
$

 
$
95

Pension and other postretirement plans

 
208

 

 
213

Debt issuance costs

 
25

 

 
26

Trojan decommissioning activities

 
95

 

 
94

Other
14

 
61

 
17

 
55

Total regulatory assets
$
21

 
$
513

 
$
17

 
$
483

Regulatory liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asset retirement removal costs
$

 
$
1,033

 
$

 
$
1,021

Deferred income taxes

 
259

 

 
260

Asset retirement obligations

 
54

 

 
54

Tax Reform deferral
17

 

 
23

 

Other
23

 
44

 
21

 
42

Total regulatory liabilities
$
40

* 
$
1,390

 
$
44

* 
$
1,377


* Included in Accrued expenses and other current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Accrued Expenses and Other Current Liabilities

Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consist of the following (in millions):
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Accrued employee compensation and benefits
$
48

 
$
74

Accrued taxes payable
31

 
33

Accrued interest payable
41

 
25

Accrued dividends payable
36

 
36

Regulatory liabilities—current
40

 
44

Other
100

 
103

Total accrued expenses and other current liabilities
$
296

 
$
315



Credit Facilities

As of March 31, 2020, PGE had a $500 million revolving credit facility scheduled to expire in November 2023. Pursuant to the terms of the agreement, the revolving credit facility may be used for general corporate purposes, as backup for commercial paper borrowings, and to permit the issuance of standby letters of credit. PGE may borrow

14


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, continued
(Unaudited)

for one, two, three, or six months at a fixed interest rate established at the time of the borrowing, or at a variable interest rate for any period up to the then remaining term of the applicable credit facility. The revolving credit facility contains a provision that requires annual fees based on PGEs unsecured credit ratings, and contains customary covenants and default provisions, including a requirement that limits consolidated indebtedness, as defined in the agreement, to 65% of total capitalization. As of March 31, 2020, PGE was in compliance with this covenant with a 50.4% debt-to-total capital ratio.

The Company has a commercial paper program under which it may issue commercial paper for terms of up to 270 days, limited to the unused amount of credit under the revolving credit facility.

PGE typically classifies borrowings under the revolving credit facility and outstanding commercial paper as Short-term debt on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

Under the revolving credit facility, as of March 31, 2020, PGE had $20 million of commercial paper outstanding. As a result, the aggregate unused available credit capacity under the revolving credit facility was $480 million.

In addition, PGE has four letter of credit facilities that provide a total capacity of $220 million under which the Company can request letters of credit for original terms not to exceed one year. The issuance of such letters of credit is subject to the approval of the issuing institution. Under these facilities, letters of credit for a total of $51 million were outstanding as of March 31, 2020. Letters of credit issued are not reflected on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.

On April 9, 2020, PGE obtained a 364-day, term loan from lenders in proportion to their funding commitments in the aggregate principal of $150 million. The term loan will bear interest for the relevant interest period at LIBOR plus 1.25%. The interest rate is subject to adjustment pursuant to the terms of the loan. The credit agreement expires on April 8, 2021, with any outstanding balance due and payable on such date.

Pursuant to an order issued by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), the Company is authorized to issue short-term debt in an aggregate amount of up to $900 million through February 7, 2022.

Long-term Debt

On March 11, 2020, PGE completed the remarketing of an aggregate principal amount of $119 million of Pollution Control Revenue Refunding Bonds (PCRBs), which consist of $98 million aggregate principal of PCRBs that will bear an interest rate of 2.125%, and $21 million aggregate principal of PCRBs that will bear an interest rate of 2.375%, both due in 2033.


15


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, continued
(Unaudited)

Defined Benefit Retirement Plan Costs

Components of net periodic benefit cost under the defined benefit pension plan are as follows (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Service cost
$
4

 
$
4

Interest cost*
8

 
8

Expected return on plan assets*
(11
)
 
(10
)
Amortization of net actuarial loss*
4

 
3

Net periodic benefit cost
$
5

 
$
5


* The expense portion of non-service cost components are included in Miscellaneous (loss) income, net within Other income on the Company’s condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.

NOTE 4: FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

PGE determines the fair value of financial instruments, both assets and liabilities recognized and not recognized in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets, for which it is practicable to estimate fair value as of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019. PGE then classifies these financial assets and liabilities based on a fair value hierarchy that is applied to prioritize the inputs to the valuation techniques used to measure fair value. The three levels of the fair value hierarchy and application to the Company are:

Level 1
Quoted prices are available in active markets for identical assets or liabilities as of the measurement date;

Level 2
Pricing inputs include those that are directly or indirectly observable in the marketplace as of the measurement date; and

Level 3
Pricing inputs include significant inputs that are unobservable for the asset or liability.

Financial assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The Company’s assessment of the significance of a particular input to the fair value measurement requires judgment, and may affect the valuation of assets and liabilities and their placement within the fair value hierarchy. Assets measured at fair value using net asset value (NAV) as a practical expedient are not categorized in the fair value hierarchy. These assets are listed in the totals of the fair value hierarchy to permit the reconciliation to amounts presented in the financial statements.

Changes to market liquidity conditions, the availability of observable inputs, or changes in the economic structure of a security marketplace may require transfer of the securities between levels.


16


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, continued
(Unaudited)

The Company’s financial assets and liabilities whose values were recognized at fair value are as follows by level within the fair value hierarchy (in millions):
 
As of March 31, 2020
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Other(2)
 
Total
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
3

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
3

Nuclear decommissioning trust: (1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Domestic government
7

 
15

 

 

 
22

Corporate credit

 
10

 

 

 
10

Money market funds measured at NAV (2)

 

 

 
13

 
13

Non-qualified benefit plan trust: (3)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
1

 

 

 

 
1

Equity securities
6

 

 

 

 
6

Debt securities—domestic government
1

 

 

 

 
1

Price risk management activities: (1) (4)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Electricity

 
14

 

 

 
14

Natural gas

 
15

 
1

 

 
16

 
$
18

 
$
54

 
$
1

 
$
13

 
$
86

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Price risk management activities: (1) (4)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Electricity
$

 
$
9

 
$
134

 
$

 
$
143

Natural gas

 
17

 
1

 

 
18

 
$

 
$
26

 
$
135

 
$

 
$
161

 
(1)
Activities are subject to regulation, with certain gains and losses deferred pursuant to regulatory accounting and included in Regulatory assets or Regulatory liabilities as appropriate.
(2)
Assets are measured at NAV as a practical expedient and not subject to hierarchy level classification disclosure.
(3)
Excludes insurance policies of $26 million, which are recorded at cash surrender value.
(4)
For further information, see Note 5, Risk Management.


17


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, continued
(Unaudited)

 
As of December 31, 2019
 
Level 1
 
Level 2
 
Level 3
 
Other (2)
 
Total
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash equivalents
$
26

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$
26

Nuclear decommissioning trust: (1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Debt securities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Domestic government
8

 
16

 

 

 
24

Corporate credit

 
9

 

 

 
9

Money market funds measured at NAV (2)

 

 

 
13

 
13

Non-qualified benefit plan trust: (3)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Money market funds
1

 

 

 

 
1

Equity securities
7

 

 

 

 
7

Debt securities—domestic government
1

 

 

 

 
1

Price risk management activities: (1) (4)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Electricity

 
9

 
7

 

 
16

Natural gas

 
21

 
1

 

 
22

 
$
43

 
$
55

 
$
8

 
$
13

 
$
119

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Price risk management activities: (1) (4)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Electricity

 
14

 
105

 

 
119

Natural gas

 
12

 

 

 
12

 
$

 
$
26

 
$
105

 
$

 
$
131

 
(1)
Activities are subject to regulation, with certain gains and losses deferred pursuant to regulatory accounting and included in Regulatory assets or Regulatory liabilities as appropriate.
(2)
Assets are measured at NAV as a practical expedient and not subject to hierarchy level classification disclosure.
(3)
Excludes insurance policies of $29 million, which are recorded at cash surrender value.
(4)
For further information, see Note 5, Risk Management.

Cash equivalents are highly liquid investments with maturities of three months or less at the date of acquisition and primarily consist of money market funds. Such funds seek to maintain a stable net asset value and are comprised of short-term, government funds. Policies of such funds require that the weighted average maturity of securities holdings of such funds do not exceed 90 days and provide investors with the ability to redeem shares of the funds daily at their respective net asset value. These cash equivalents are classified as Level 1 in the fair value hierarchy due to the availability of quoted prices for identical assets in an active market as of the measurement date. Principal markets for money market fund prices include published exchanges such as the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations (NASDAQ) and the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).

Assets held in the Nuclear decommissioning trust (NDT) and Non-qualified benefit plan (NQBP) trusts are recorded at fair value in PGE’s condensed consolidated balance sheets and invested in securities that are exposed to interest rate, credit, and market volatility risks. These assets are classified within Level 1, 2, or 3 based on the following factors:
 
Debt securities—PGE invests in highly-liquid United States Treasury securities to support the investment objectives of the trusts. These domestic government securities are classified as Level 1 in the fair value hierarchy due to the availability of quoted prices for identical assets in an active market as of the measurement date.

18


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, continued
(Unaudited)

 
Assets classified as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy include domestic government debt securities, such as municipal debt, and corporate credit securities. Prices are determined by evaluating pricing data such as broker quotes for similar securities and adjusted for observable differences. Significant inputs used in valuation models generally include benchmark yields and issuer spreads. The external credit rating, coupon rate, and maturity of each security are considered in the valuation, as applicable.

Equity securities—Equity mutual fund and common stock securities are classified as Level 1 in the fair value hierarchy due to the availability of quoted prices for identical assets in an active market as of the measurement date. Principal markets for equity prices include published exchanges such as NASDAQ and the NYSE.

Money market funds—PGE invests in money market funds that seek to maintain a stable net asset value. These funds invest in high-quality, short-term, diversified money market instruments, short-term treasury bills, federal agency securities, certificates of deposits, and commercial paper. The Company believes the redemption value of these funds is likely to be the fair value, which is represented by the net asset value. Redemption is permitted daily without written notice.

The NQBP trust is invested in exchange-traded government money market funds and is classified as Level 1 in the fair value hierarchy due to the availability of quoted prices in published exchanges such as NASDAQ and the NYSE. The money market fund in the NDT is valued at NAV as a practical expedient and is not included in the fair value hierarchy.

Assets and liabilities from price risk management activities are recorded at fair value in PGE’s condensed consolidated balance sheets and consist of derivative instruments entered into by the Company to manage its risk exposure to commodity price and foreign currency exchange rates and to reduce volatility in net variable power costs (NVPC) for the Company’s retail customers. For additional information regarding these assets and liabilities, see Note 5, Risk Management.

For those assets and liabilities from price risk management activities classified as Level 2, fair value is derived using present value formulas that utilize inputs such as forward commodity prices and interest rates. Substantially all of these inputs are observable in the marketplace throughout the full term of the instrument, can be derived from observable data, or are supported by observable levels at which transactions are executed in the marketplace. Instruments in this category include commodity forwards, futures, and swaps.

Assets and liabilities from price risk management activities classified as Level 3 consist of instruments for which fair value is derived using one or more significant inputs that are not observable for the entire term of the instrument. These instruments consist of longer-term commodity forwards, futures, and swaps.


19


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, continued
(Unaudited)

Quantitative information regarding the significant, unobservable inputs used in the measurement of Level 3 assets and liabilities from price risk management activities is presented below:
 
 
Fair Value
 
Valuation Technique
 
Significant Unobservable Input
 
Price per Unit
Commodity Contracts
 
Assets
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
Low
 
High
 
Weighted Average
 
 
(in millions)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of March 31, 2020
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Electricity physical forwards
 
$

 
$
130

 
Discounted cash flow
 
Electricity forward price (per MWh)
 
$
9.04

 
$
43.58

 
$
34.25

Natural gas financial swaps
 
1

 
1

 
Discounted cash flow
 
Natural gas forward price (per Decatherm)
 
1.35

 
1.83

 
1.54

Electricity financial futures
 

 
4

 
Discounted cash flow
 
Electricity forward price (per MWh)
 
9.50

 
54.22

 
38.17

 
 
$
1

 
$
135

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
As of December 31, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Electricity physical forwards
 
$

 
$
104

 
Discounted cash flow
 
Electricity forward price (per MWh)
 
$
12.53

 
$
59.00

 
$
36.92

Natural gas financial swaps
 
1

 

 
Discounted cash flow
 
Natural gas forward price (per Decatherm)
 
1.39

 
3.73

 
1.90

Electricity financial futures
 
7

 
1

 
Discounted cash flow
 
Electricity forward price (per MWh)
 
10.57

 
66.32

 
45.11

 
 
$
8

 
$
105

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


The significant unobservable inputs used in the Company’s fair value measurement of price risk management assets and liabilities are long-term forward prices for commodity derivatives. For certain long-term contracts, observable, liquid market transactions are not available for the duration of the delivery period. In such instances, the Company uses internally-developed long-term price curves that utilize observable data when available. When not available, regression techniques are used to estimate unobservable future prices.

The Company’s Level 3 assets and liabilities from price risk management activities are sensitive to market price changes in the respective underlying commodities. The significance of the impact is dependent upon the magnitude of the price change and PGE’s position as either the buyer or seller under the contract. Sensitivity of the fair value measurements to changes in the significant unobservable inputs is as follows:
Significant Unobservable Input
 
Position
 
Change to Input
 
Impact on Fair Value Measurement
Market price
 
Buy
 
Increase (decrease)
 
Gain (loss)
Market price
 
Sell
 
Increase (decrease)
 
Loss (gain)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

20


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, continued
(Unaudited)

Changes in the fair value of net liabilities from price risk management activities (net of assets from price risk management activities) classified as Level 3 in the fair value hierarchy were as follows (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Balance as of the beginning of the period
$
97

 
$
88

Net realized and unrealized (gains)/losses*
39

 
(19
)
Transfers (from)/to Level 3 (to)/from Level 2
(2
)
 
1

Balance as of the end of the period
$
134

 
$
70

 
* Both realized and unrealized (gains)/losses, of which the unrealized portion is fully offset by the effects of regulatory accounting until settlement of the underlying transactions, are recorded in Purchased power and fuel expense in the condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income.

Transfers out of Level 3 occur when the significant inputs become more observable, such as when the time between the valuation date and the delivery term of a transaction becomes shorter.

Long-term debt is recorded at amortized cost in PGE’s condensed consolidated balance sheets. The fair value of the Company’s FMBs and Pollution Control Revenue Bonds is classified as a Level 2 fair value measurement.

As of March 31, 2020, the carrying amount of PGE’s long-term debt was $2,618 million, net of $11 million of unamortized debt expense, and its estimated aggregate fair value was $3,180 million. As of December 31, 2019, the carrying amount of PGE’s long-term debt was $2,597 million, net of $11 million of unamortized debt expense, and its estimated aggregate fair value was $3,039 million.

NOTE 5: RISK MANAGEMENT

Price Risk Management

PGE participates in the wholesale marketplace to balance its supply of power, which consists of its own generation combined with wholesale market transactions, to meet the needs of its retail customers, manage risk, and administer its existing long-term wholesale contracts. Wholesale market transactions include purchases and sales of both power and fuel resulting from economic dispatch decisions for Company-owned generation resources. As a result of this ongoing business activity, PGE is exposed to commodity price risk and foreign currency exchange rate risk, from which changes in prices and/or rates may affect the Company’s financial position, results of operations, or cash flows.

PGE utilizes derivative instruments to manage its exposure to commodity price risk and foreign exchange rate risk to reduce volatility in NVPC for its retail customers. Such derivative instruments, recorded at fair value on the condensed consolidated balance sheets, may include forward, futures, swaps, and option contracts for electricity, natural gas, and foreign currency, with changes in fair value recorded in the condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income. In accordance with the ratemaking and cost recovery processes authorized by the OPUC, the Company recognizes a regulatory asset or liability to defer the gains and losses from derivative activity until settlement of the associated derivative instrument. PGE may designate certain derivative instruments as cash flow hedges or may use derivative instruments as economic hedges. The Company does not engage in trading activities for non-retail purposes.


21


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, continued
(Unaudited)

PGE’s Assets and Liabilities from price risk management activities consist of the following (in millions):
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Current assets:
 
 
 
Commodity contracts:
 
 
 
Electricity
$
14

 
$
9

Natural gas
11

 
16

Total current derivative assets(1)
25

 
25

Noncurrent assets:
 
 
 
Commodity contracts:
 
 
 
Electricity

 
7

Natural gas
5

 
6

Total noncurrent derivative assets(1)
5

 
13

Total derivative assets(2)
$
30

 
$
38

Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Commodity contracts:
 
 
 
Electricity
$
17

 
$
14

Natural gas
15

 
9

Total current derivative liabilities
32

 
23

Noncurrent liabilities:
 
 
 
Commodity contracts:
 
 
 
Electricity
126

 
105

Natural gas
3

 
3

Total noncurrent derivative liabilities
129

 
108

Total derivative liabilities(2)
$
161

 
$
131


(1) Total current derivative assets are included in Other current assets, and Total noncurrent derivative assets are included in Other noncurrent assets on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.
(2) As of March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, no derivative assets or liabilities were designated as hedging instruments.



22


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, continued
(Unaudited)

PGE’s net volumes related to its Assets and Liabilities from price risk management activities resulting from its derivative transactions, which are expected to deliver or settle at various dates through 2035, were as follows (in millions):
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Commodity contracts:
 
 
 
 
 
Electricity
8

MWhs
 
6

MWhs
Natural gas
144

Decatherms
 
145

Decatherms
Foreign currency
$
24

Canadian
 
$
23

Canadian


PGE has elected to report positive and negative exposures resulting from derivative instruments pursuant to agreements that meet the definition of a master netting arrangement gross on the condensed consolidated balance sheets. In the case of default on, or termination of, any contract under the master netting arrangements, such agreements provide for the net settlement of all related contractual obligations with a given counterparty through a single payment. These types of transactions may include non-derivative instruments, derivatives qualifying for scope exceptions, receivables and payables arising from settled positions, and other forms of non-cash collateral, such as letters of credit. As of March 31, 2020, gross amounts included as Price risk management liabilities subject to master netting agreements was $3 million, for which PGE posted no collateral. Of the gross amounts recognized, $1 million was for electricity and $2 million was for natural gas. As of December 31, 2019, PGE had no material master netting arrangements.

Net realized and unrealized losses (gains) on derivative transactions not designated as hedging instruments are classified in Purchased power and fuel in the condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income and were as follows (in millions):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Commodity contracts:
 
 
 
Electricity
$
32

 
$
(24
)
Natural Gas
9

 
(25
)
Foreign currency exchange
1

 


Net unrealized and certain net realized losses (gains) presented in the table above are offset within the condensed consolidated statements of income and comprehensive income by the effects of regulatory accounting. Of the net amounts recognized in Net income for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, net losses of $42 million and net gains of $49 million, respectively, have been offset.

Assuming no changes in market prices and interest rates, the following table indicates the year in which the net unrealized loss (gain) recorded as of March 31, 2020 related to PGE’s derivative activities would become realized as a result of the settlement of the underlying derivative instrument (in millions):
 
2020
 
2021
 
2022
 
2023
 
2024
 
Thereafter
 
Total
Commodity contracts:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Electricity
$
(2
)
 
$
14

 
$
8

 
$
8

 
$
8

 
$
93

 
$
129

Natural gas
7

 
(5
)
 

 

 

 

 
2

Net unrealized loss
$
5

 
$
9

 
$
8

 
$
8

 
$
8

 
$
93

 
$
131




23


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, continued
(Unaudited)

PGE’s secured and unsecured debt is currently rated at investment grade by Moody’s Investors Service (Moody’s) and S&P Global Ratings (S&P). Should Moody’s or S&P reduce their rating on the Company’s unsecured debt to below investment grade, PGE could be subject to requests by certain wholesale counterparties to post additional performance assurance collateral, in the form of cash or letters of credit, based on total portfolio positions with each of those counterparties. Certain other counterparties would have the right to terminate their agreements with the Company.

The aggregate fair value of derivative instruments with credit-risk-related contingent features that were in a liability position as of March 31, 2020 was $150 million, for which PGE has posted $11 million in collateral, consisting entirely of letters of credit. If the credit-risk-related contingent features underlying these agreements were triggered at March 31, 2020, the cash requirement to either post as collateral or settle the instruments immediately would have been $140 million. As of March 31, 2020, PGE had no cash collateral posted for derivative instruments with no credit-risk-related contingent features. Cash collateral for derivative instruments is classified as Margin deposits included in Other current assets on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet.

Counterparties representing 10% or more of assets and liabilities from price risk management activities were as follows:
 
March 31, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Assets from price risk management activities:
 
 
 
Counterparty A
27
%
 
35
%
Counterparty B
12

 
13

Counterparty C
10

 
11

Counterparty D
9

 
11

 
58
%
 
70
%
Liabilities from price risk management activities:
 
 
 
Counterparty E
81
%
 
79
%


See Note 4, Fair Value of Financial Instruments, for additional information concerning the determination of fair value for the Company’s Assets and Liabilities from price risk management activities.

NOTE 6: EARNINGS PER SHARE

Basic earnings per share are computed based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted earnings per share are computed using the weighted average number of common shares outstanding and the effect of dilutive potential common shares outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method. Potential common shares consist of: i) employee stock purchase plan shares; and ii) contingently issuable time-based and performance-based restricted stock units, along with associated dividend equivalent rights. Unvested performance-based restricted stock units and associated dividend equivalent rights are included in dilutive potential common shares only after the performance criteria have been met.

For the three months ended March 31, 2020, unvested performance-based restricted stock units and related dividend equivalent rights of 301 thousand shares were excluded from the dilutive calculation because the performance goals had not been met, with 263 thousand shares excluded for the three months ended March 31, 2019.


24


PORTLAND GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS, continued
(Unaudited)

Net income is the same for both the basic and diluted earnings per share computations. The denominators of the basic and diluted earnings per share computations are as follows (in thousands):
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Weighted-average common shares outstanding—basic
89,429

 
89,309

Dilutive effect of potential common shares
150

 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding—diluted
89,579

 
89,309



NOTE 7: SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

The activity in equity during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 was as follows (dollars in millions, except per share amounts):
 
Common Stock
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Loss
 
Retained
Earnings
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
Total
Balances as of December 31, 2019
89,387,124

 
$
1,220

 
$
(10
)
 
$
1,381

 
$
2,591

Issuances of shares pursuant to equity-based plans
77,397

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income

 

 
1

 

 
1

Dividends declared ($0.3850 per share)

 

 

 
(35
)
 
(35
)
Net income

 

 

 
81

 
81

Balances as of March 31, 2020
89,464,521

 
$
1,220

 
$
(9
)
 
$
1,427

 
$
2,638

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balances as of December 31, 2018
89,267,959

 
$
1,212

 
$
(7
)
 
$
1,301

 
$
2,506

Issuances of shares pursuant to equity-based plans
88,352

 

 

 

 

Other comprehensive income

 

 
1

 

 
1

Dividends declared ($0.3625 per share)

 

 

 
(32
)
 
(32
)
Net incom